Nature conservation is the action of taking steps to maintain, restore or improve an ecosystem’s function. An ecosystem is impacted usually by human development but natural forces like cyclones, floods, bushfires, earthquakes and volcanic activity can impact an ecosystem. Nature conservation typically involves the enhancement of the native plants and animals (or biodiversity) that function in the system while removing or limiting threats which might include feral animals, invasive weeds, over grazing, & land clearing. Targeting specific animal species may include introducing certain plant species for foraging and nesting while also partaking in a captive breed and release program.
Private land conservation is one approach out of many that helps to protect threatened species and reverse biodiversity decline.